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Employment prospects in the USA
United States has always been considered as the “land of opportunities”. Being one of the leading nations with a strong economic structure, the nation offers an array of job opportunities to international students in all fields of work.
There is also a plethora of internship programs available that can be taken up by the international students. That not only helps them understand the intricacies of the preferred industry but also lets them earn an income while working part-time.
Owing to skills shortage across various sectors in the American market, international students with skills are in demand and those who are willing to settle in America have the option to apply under a Skilled Worker Visa and permanently work and reside in the country. Graduates are in high demand in the USA, especially in the field of healthcare, film production, real estate, retail sector, agriculture, engineering and computers & information technology.
In the USA there are options to work part-time on campus during your first year of study. You can also explore opportunities for sponsorship following your studies. International students in the USA can work in a job on campus up to 20 hours a week. Many students find that their time is better spent taking internships or practical training, which allows them to work for university credit in a job in a related field. Nearly every university, even those not located in big cities, has employees dedicated to helping students secure internships. All USA universities also offer extra-curricular activities that provide real-world job experience.
Another option that appeals to many students is to broaden their study experience through semester or summer-long study abroad and exchange programs, offered by most universities as well as outside study abroad providers. Following graduation, students on an F-1 visa can apply for Optional Practical Training (OPT), which allows them to work in their chosen field for 12-24 months after completing their studies.
Some companies may even sponsor students for a H1-B Temporary Worker Visa, allowing them to continue living in the USA as long as they work for that company. Most USA institutions have a career services department staffed with professionals focused on helping students with their résumé, teaching job interview skills, and helping them find job opportunities.Reference: https://www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/students-and-exchange-visitors/students-and-employment
Employment prospects in the UK
By studying in the UK, you will have opportunities to develop important workplace skills and your ability to think independently, which will significantly increase your chances of employment.
English is the international language of business, science and technology. By studying and living in the UK, the home of English, you will be immersed in the language and have the opportunity to improve your communication skills (of course, this takes practice and hard work!).
During your studies
You can work part-time, volunteer or complete a work placement or sandwich course during your time in the UK, all of which are valuable work-based experiences that can provide an edge and build your resume.
Most universities and educational institutions in the UK have a dedicated careers centre that can advise students on all aspects of gaining employment during and after their studies.
For information on employment prospects and career tips and advice visit www.educationuk.org
Employment prospects in Canada
In Canada, work rights are available to international students while studying and also upon finishing a degree or diploma.
During your studies
Canada provides extensive work and career opportunities for all types of students. Many institutions in Canada offer a co-operative education program. This is a structured program where students alternate between periods of work and study. This integrated curriculum is achieved through a partnership between the educational institution and industry.
Canada recently announced new regulations for international students. As of June, 2014, students do not need to apply for a separate work visa to work off-campus, and are eligible to work as soon as their program of study begins.
International graduates from Canadian higher education institutions also have the opportunity to work in Canada for up to three years following the completion of their program.
To work in Canada after you graduate, you must apply for a work permit under the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP). If you would like to look into staying in Canada as a permanent resident after you finish your studies, there are several programs available, each with its own requirements.Reference: http://www.esdc.gc.ca/en/jobs/opportunities/index.page
Employment prospects in Australia
During your studies
Most student visas allow you to work for up to 40 hours every two weeks during semester and unrestricted hours during any scheduled course break, but before you undertake any paid work you need to make sure your visa allows you to work. Find out more at the Department of Immigration and Border Protection website.
After your studies
Having an Australian tertiary qualification is highly regarded around the world.
If you have completed a bachelor, master or PhD degree, you may be eligible for the Post-Study Work stream of the Temporary Graduate (subclass 485) visa. This may enable you to stay in Australia following your studies to gain practical experience working in your field.
More information on Post-Study Work Rights is available on the http://www.studyinaustralia.gov.au/global/after-graduation/a> website.